You are suppose to know how to write a Makefile
already. If you don't, you should learn it as soon as
possible because your Makefile must work in all
your project submissions. There are a few tutorials on
make on the web. Here are links to some of them.
I have not really read through these pages so I cannot
guarantee their correctness.
Please be aware that if you transfer a Makefile from a Windows
environment to a UNIX environment, chances are, it will not work.
The reason is that a line in a text file in Windows ends with "\r\n"
while a line in a text file in UNIX ends with just "\n". The extra
"\r" can confuse make on UNIX machines. But I'm sure you can
write a small program to fix that.
Compiling Your Code
If you are writing your program in C, you should use gcc
as your compiler, rather than cc. Gcc supports
function prototypes and other ANSI extensions, which you should
use in your programs.
The option -Wall turns on most of the useful
Compiling with this option will find many simple mistakes in your programs.
On many platforms you also need to link the network and socket
libraries to your program.
We will evaluate your submission by copying all the files you have
submitted into an empty directory and then type the following command:
(If an individual project spec has more specific way of producing
executables, you must follow it.)
If this does not produce the desired executable(s), you will
probably lose quite a few points. How many points you will lose depends on
how hard it is for the grader to get your Makefile to work.
When the following command is invoked at a UNIX prompt:
all binary files created during compilation
(.o files and executable files) must be removed.
How do you make sure that make would work? It's actually
- Don't create a Makefile until the last minute! Create
one first time you need to compile your code.
- If you do your development on Windows and expect your code to
just compile and run on
you will soon find out
how unrealistic your assumption is. I would leave at least
2 days for porting for small projects and 5 days for porting
- Write a rule in your Makefile to generate a submittable
file in the right format. Do this early! You can also think of
this as generating a backup copy of what you have done so far.
Copy the backup copy to another place in case you accidentically
erase some or all your files.
- Testing! Verify your submissions.
Create an empty directory on nunki.usc.edu,
unpack your test submission, and type make in it!
If it doesn't work, fix it right away.
- Have a working copy ready for submission. When it's 2 hours away
from the deadline and your code is not completely working, you
should probably consider doing the following.
- Fix your code so that it compiles and runs.
- Create a submission from your working code and keep it as
a backup in case you can't fix your bugs when deadline comes.
- Repeat this as you fix more bugs.